The veins found in our legs are subject to the downward force produced by gravity. Vein disease worsens with age and is exacerbated by periods of prolonged standing in a single location. The veins become damaged and enlarged secondary to the increased pressure produced by blood pooling. This can lead to feelings of fatigue, heaviness and burning. Obesity, pregnancy and family history increase the risk for developing these conditions.
A thorough evaluation of your lower extremities should be carried out by your physician. Proper diagnosis includes performing a venous reflux study, which is carried out using an ultrasound machine. The backflow of the blood within the veins can be measured to determine the degree of reflux present. If the disease is minor, conservative care can be initiated. Surgical care is often reserved for moderate to severe cases.