Persistent ankle joint pain can limit activity and disrupt the ability to comfortably carry out the most simple activities of daily living. The severity of symptoms can vary from individual to individual. Causes for generalized ankle pain and impingement can include damage to the joint (osteochondral defect), capsule (synovitis) and ligaments (sprain).
Ankle pathology such as torn ligaments, joint cartilage damage, ankle joint capsule synovitis, and loose floating pieces of cartilage/bone may be be improved with conservative care. However, these conditions can all be treated via traditional open or arthroscopic surgery if the patient does not improve.